Autophagy Assay, Red

$175.00$375.00

ICT’s Autophagy Assay, Red enables researchers to detect and monitor the in vitro development of autophagy in living cells. The Autophagy Probe is cell-permeant and fluoresces red when inserted in the lipid membranes of autophagosomes and autolysosomes. Results can be read using a flow cytometer.

Catalog # Product Size Quantity Price
9156 50 tests $175.00
9157 200 tests $375.00
Category:

ICT’s Autophagy Assay, Red enables researchers to detect and monitor the in vitro development of autophagy in living cells. The Autophagy Probe is cell-permeant and fluoresces red when inserted in the lipid membranes of autophagosomes and autolysosomes. Results can be read using a flow cytometer.

Autophagy is a conserved lysosomal recycling process by which cells break down their own components such as proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. The process plays an important role in maintaining homeostasis and destroying intracellular pathogens. In addition, autophagy can be upregulated in times of starvation or stress to provide additional nutrients for the cell. Dysregulation of autophagy has implications in cancer, infection, and degenerative diseases.

Autophagy is a three stage process. First, cytoplasmic components targeted for degradation are sequestered, resulting in the formation of the autophagosome. Next, the autophagosome fuses with the lysosome to form the autophagolysosome or autolysosome. Finally, degradation of the autophagosomal contents occurs.

1. Prepare samples and controls in fresh cell culture medium (alternative buffers such as PBS may be used).
2. Reconstitute Autophagy Probe, Red with 100 µL DMSO.
3. Dilute Autophagy Probe, Red 1:5 by adding 400 µL diH2O, PBS, or fresh cell culture medium.
4. Add diluted Autophagy Probe, Red to each sample at 1:50 spike (e.g. spike at 1:50 by adding 10 µL to 490 µL sample). The ideal staining concentration can vary based on cell line, application, etc., and should be determined by the end user. The recommended sample size is 0.5 mL.
5. Incubate approximately 1 hour.
6. Dilute 10X Cellular Assay Buffer 1:10 with diH2O.
7. Remove media and wash cells 3 times: add 1X Cellular Assay Buffer or fresh cell culture medium and spin cells.
8. Resuspend cell pellet in 1X Cellular Assay Buffer (typically 0.5 mL per sample).
9. Analyze with a flow cytometer (using a green/yellow laser and appropriate filter). Autophagy Probe, Red excites at 590 nm and emits at 620 nm.

Jurkat cells were treated with 0.5 µM Rapamycin and 10 µM Chloroquine (red histogram) to induce autophagy or were mock treated (black histogram) for 18 hours. Cells were stained with Autophagy Probe, Red for 1 hour at 37°C, washed, and then analyzed using a BD Fortessa Special Order Flow Cytometer equipped with a green/yellow laser (561 nm excitation) and a 610/20 emission filter. Median fluorescence intensity was 3-fold greater in induced cells (10,530) compared to mock-treated cells (3, 497). Data courtesy of Dr. Strandberg, ICT, 228:16-20.

Layout

• Excitation/Emission: 590 nm / 620 nm
• Method of Analysis: Flow cytometer
• Types of Samples: Cell culture
• Storage: < -20°C for Autophagy probe, 2-8°C for remaining kit components
• Shipping: Ships overnight (domestic), International Priority Shipping

Kit 9156: 50 tests
• Autophagy Probe, Red, 1 vial, #6701
• 10X Cellular Assay Buffer, 15 mL, #6694
• Fixative, 6 mL, #636
• Kit Manual

Kit 9157: 200 tests
• Autophagy Probe, Red, 4 vials, #6701
• 10X Cellular Assay Buffer, 60 mL, #6695
• Fixative, 6 mL, #636
• Kit Manual

Documentation

Manual
Safety Data Sheet